The damage to crops caused by melon flies result from 1) oviposition in fruit and soft tissues of vegetative parts of hosts 2) feeding by the larvae, and 3) decomposition of plant tissue by invading secondary microorganisms. Barrix Recommends to use Barrix Catch Fruit Fly Trap. This may result in the death of the Unusual patterns such as fruit fly attacking undamaged avocadoes should be reported. If melon fly were to become permanently established in California, the commercial growers of these commodities would experience direct damage due to crop losses, additional production costs due to increased pesticide use, and loss of markets due to quarantine restrictions. The Bactrocera species known as the melon fly, B. cucurbitae (Coquillett), causes significant economic damage to at least 81 different host plant species of cucurbits and melons. In Asia, it is recorded from Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, FRUIT FLY DAMAGE Here in our hot climate, fruit flies cause a lot of fruit loss from stinging the fruit. out in Asia and Hawaii, plants belonging to the. Melon fly (Zeugodacus cucurbitae) is a serious pest of vegetable crops, especially cucurbits such as melon, pumpkin, squash, zucchini and cucumber.Contact us immediately if you suspect melon fly so that it can be eradicated before it becomes too widespread. This insect pest is considered the most destructive pest of the melons and crops related to it because it causes serious damages. Major host plants of Ceratitis cosyra include mango, guava, sour orange, marula, wild custard apple and wild apricot. Melon fly (Bactocera cucurbitae) is a fruit fly belonging to the family Tephritidae. Maintenance : Zero maintenance. Varieties of melon flies live in many countries of the world with a warm climate. Report it. plant. The melon fly is native to tropical Asia and has spread to Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Guam, Kenya, Tanzania and the Mauritius. Water melon damage by fruit fly (c) A.M. Varela, icipe. The melon fruit fly can successfully be managed over a local area by bagging fruits, field sanitation, protein baits, cue-lure traps, growing fruit fly-resistant genotypes, augmentation of biocontrol agents, and soft insecticides. Based on the extensive surveys carried out in Asia and Hawaii, plants belonging to the family Cucurbitaceae are preferred most (Allwood et al. The melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is distributed widely in temperate, tropical, and sub-tropical regions of the world. The wings are clear with a dark coastal vein and "melon seed" shaped spot at the tip. In northern Mozambique up to 96% In several studies 100 - 175 flies emerges per kg fruit collected from trees. If they fall to the ground, be sure to kill any larvae in the fruits. •Damage caused serious in melon and after the first shower of the momsoon. Newly recognized hosts of the oriental fruit fly, melon fly, and Mediterranean fruit fly. Description: Liriomyza leafminers can readily cause economic damage to melons, particularly in fall plantings. The developing larvae go through three instars. In Asia, it is recorded from Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia (Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Sumatra, and Timor), Iran, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam. The wings are clear with a dark coastal vein Keep it out Fruit flies are one of the world’s most destructive horticultural pests and pose risks to most commercial fruit and vegetable crops. ... Read more. The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), is a very destructive pest of fruit in areas where it occurs. The melon fly has a wide host range but is a serious pest of cucurbits (cucumbers, pumpkins, squash, and melons). The melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is distributed widely in temperate, tropical, and sub-tropical regions of the world. However, it will also infest a variety of other fruits and vegetables, including apple, avocado, bean, cauliflower, eggplant, guava, okra, orange, peach, pear, pepper, and tomato. Journal of Economic Entomology, 61(1), 339-340 pp. Melon Fly, Dacus / Bactrocera cucurbitae The Melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae is a fruit fly of cucurbit crops such as cucumber, bitter gourd and courgette. For the season is replaced by about 3 generations. This insect pest is considered the most destructive pest of the melons and crops related to it because it causes serious damages. easily spread through the fruit. It has been introduced and established in the African countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cóte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Kenya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Togo, and Uganda. Papayas grown in Hawaii are infested with four species of fruit flies: the Oriental fruit fly (Dacus dorsalis), the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), the melon fly (Dacus cucurbitae), and the Malaysian fruit fly (Bactrocera latifrons). Melon fruit fly damages over 81 plant species (Table 2). Nature of damage ; Among the various species, D.cucurbitae commonly known as melon or pumpkin fruit fly is most widely distributed species on vegetables. Interested in this product? Out of total female flowers, 9.7% flowers did not open due to the infestation by cucurbit fruit fly. Cucurbits Fruit Fly Trap. To date there have been no Melon flies discovered in traps in Alameda County. Working together we can keep these pests from becoming established in Alameda County. Pest Rating: "A". Damage • The maggots pollute and destroy fruit by feeding on pulp. Ceratitis rosa is recorded from over 100 plant species. When to Use : To be used at the stage of Flowering till harvesting. Egg of bactrocera cucurbitae melon fly on bitter melon, shooting on microscope. Damage: Damage is caused by larvae feeding inside the fruit on pulp and seeds. Check for pupae (and destroy) before adding to compost pile. Life history There are several prominent bright yellow markings on the thorax (upper body) and a distinctive black 'T' pattern at the base of the abdomen (lower body). The melon fly is a dangerous pest of melons and gourds. In several countries (e.g. Scientific Name:Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) A serious Adults later emerge from these puparia and dig their way out of the soil. Adults lay eggs on plants, and maggots feed inside the fruit, causing rotting. The melon fly colonizes fruit plantations throughout the whole growing season, increasing melon sensitivity to the invasion of pathogens. The Bactrocera species known as the melon fly, B. cucurbitae (Coquillett), causes significant economic damage to at least 81 different host plant species of cucurbits and melons. How many to use : 6 Traps / acre or 15 traps / hectare. Melon fly larva have been recorded in over 100 different hosts The 2008 gross California production value of the recorded hosts of melon fly was over $4.5 billion. Damage. Adult Melon fruit flies are similar in size to a housefly, about 6-8 mm long. we would love to hear from you! In Papua New Guinea , 95% of bitter gourd fruits are infested and destroyed. A broader list of fruit fly hosts is available from Agriculture Victoria. S.N. Melon flies also lay eggs in tender plant tissues such as … Damage. Melon Fruit fly is the most damaging pest of cucurbits and considered as an important obstacle for economic production of Cucumber , Bottle gourd, Bitter gourd, Sweet gourd, Snake gourd, Ridge gourd, Pointed gourd , Sponge gourd, Pumpkins ,Mask melon, Watermelon. Most damage on Guava and Mango However B. dorsalis is now the dominant fruit fly which infests fruit in Africa. Adult Melon fruit flies are similar in size to a housefly, about 6mm to 8 mm long. … In Solomon Islands , it attacks over 90% of snake gourds and 60-87% of pumpkins. Bess, et. It is established on the Indian Ocean islands of Mauritius, Réunion, and the Seychelles. Melon flies have a wide range of hosts in the Cucurbitaceae family. Eggs are laid in fruit, and maggots cause the fruits to rot. Adult Melon fruit flies are similar in size to a housefly, about 6-8 mm long. Controlling fruit fly damage in vegetables e.g. weeks by agriculture inspectors to assure our county is free from this destructive pest. Host & Distribution. ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE: Melon fly causes considerable damage to all cucurbit crops everywhere it occurs. Melon fly (Bactocera cucurbitae) is a fruit fly belonging to the family Tephritidae. Colonies of green to blackish aphids are found on tender shoots, mainly on the lower leaf surface, where they suck sap. What does it look like? Melon fruit fly damages over 81 plant species (Table 2). If you have a vegetable garden or fruit tree where a melon fly trap could be placed and monitored during the fruiting season All year when fruit are present. When to Use : To be used at the stage of Flowering till harvesting. EXOTIC FRUIT FLIES (QUEENSLAND, MELON, PAPAYA FRUIT FLY) WIDE RANGE OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. Melon fly damages melons, melon, watermelon, cucumbers, pumpkin. The melon fly has a wide host range but is a serious pest of cucurbits (cucumbers, pumpkins, squash, and melons). 1999). Aphids (Aphis gossypii) The cotton aphid (Aphis gossypii) is common on cucurbits, including cucumber. All melon fly traps are checked every 2 The fly is active in hot and hibernates as pupae or adults during the cold months. the presence of a major port. It reproduces quicker than Ceratitis capitata and C. rosa 9 It has been reported to damage 81 host plants and is a major pest of cucurbitaceous vegetables, particularly the bitter gourd (Momordica charantia), muskmelon (Cucumis melo), snap melon (C. melo var. Considered native to India, B. cucurbitae, the melon fly, is now found in more than 40 countries.The potential risk of its introduction to a new area is facilitated by an increase in international tourism and trade, and is influenced by changes in climate and land use. Adults lay eggs on plants, and maggots feed inside the fruit, causing rotting. al. The damage inflicted on the fruit was relatively low (four to five pupae per kg of apples), and emergence of this species represented 35% of the total pupae collected from holed apples in 2005 in Benin. Minimum Order Quantity: 100 Set. They can be also be found in Africa, Sri Lanka, China, Guam, India, New Guinea, Taiwan, The melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is distributed widely in temperate, tropical, and sub-tropical regions of the world. Fruit flies attack and damage most kinds of soft skinned fruits and some harder skinned commodities. Common Name: Melon Fly Russell IPM have developed biorational solutions to this pest. Worldwide, over 80 different kinds of fruits and vegetables are recorded as hosts. Fruit that has been attacked may be unfit to eat. In Latin it sounds like bactrocera cucurbitae coquillett. Contact us immediately if you suspect melon fly so that it can be eradicated before it becomes too widespread. Completion of the life cycle normally requires one to two months under warm conditions, but may be five to six months under cooler conditions. Melon fruit fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae) Distribution: Widely distributed in the Oriental region and neighboring islands. al, 1999). However there is an easy solution to help control these pesky insects. Larvae tunnel through the flesh as they feed and allow decay to and "melon seed" shaped spot at the tip. The wide distribution of this pest in Asia and Pacific areas cause quarantine concerns for several countries in these and other tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions of the world [ 6 ]. Tephritid fruit flies cause major losses in fruit and vegetables, and are often the target of intensive insecticide applications to protect commercial production. There are several prominent bright yellow markings on the thorax (upper body) and a The Melon fruit fly has a predominantly orange-brown coloured body and abdomen. It has been reported to damage 81 host plants and is a major pest of cucurbitaceous vegetables, particularly the bitter gourd (Momordica charantia), muskmelon (Cucumis melo), snap melon (C. melo var. This parasite attacks the melon fly during the larval stage. The melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is distributed widely in temperate, tropical, and sub-tropical regions of the world. The female has a short tube at the end of its body through which the pointed ovipositor can be extruded. Pest Detection Survey, Alameda County © 2019 • All Rights Reserved • Legal / Disclaimers • Accessibility, Inspecting traps in a home garden for the, Neighborhood Preservation &  Sustainability. Melon Fly, Dacus / Bactrocera cucurbitae The Melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae is a fruit fly of cucurbit crops such as cucumber, bitter gourd and courgette. Damage Here in our hot climate, fruit flies vegetables it attacks of... 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